Build your Business
40 hours - imec the Netherlands

Student project: Transcranial currentstimulation using dry electrodes

Job details


Transcranial current stimulation is typically done using saline solution or conductive gel which is impractical and uncomfortable. At imec we are exploring an alternative that uses dry electrodes. The goal of the project is to explore system architectures and solutions that enable safe delivery of prescribed stimulation currents.

What you will do

The aim of the project is to explore ways of how transcranial current stimulation (tCS) system can be realized using dry electrode to skin contact. Due the higher dry electrode contact impedance, the envisioned solution should introduce new ways of delivering currents such that they are safe but also that they produce current densities relevant for clinical applications. The candidate will have access to latest imec’s developments, such as digital active electrode (DAE) setups. Using those to create and test various setups is an integral part of the assignment.

Current (clinical) tCS solutions use simple electronics but rely on large sponge or rubber patches (surface area larger than 25cm2) filled with saline solution or conductive gel. This makes them inconvenient and uncomfortable for clinical use. Also, these systems cannot be used by a naive user at home. To overcome deficiencies of such solutions, alternative ways have to be explored that do not require saline/gel to make a contact. Dry electrodes provide one alternative, but much higher contact impedance (i.e., few MΩ compared to few kΩ at DC). Hence, careful considerations are required when making dry electrode tCS solution.

Few dry electrode tCS concepts are currently being developed at imec. The candidate will have the opportunity to build upon those solutions and know-how as well as to propose and explore new ways or realizing tCS solutions. To facilitate exploration, a few setups that enable current delivery will be made available. Depending on the maturity of the exploration, development of an early prototype could also be realized within the project. The work could also lead to an impactful publication.


  • Explore available conceptual solutions for dry electrode tCS at imec.
  • Understand digital active electrode architecture and how it can be used for tCS.
  • Design several solutions to facilitate dry electrode tCS.
  • Develop several setups to test proposed dry electrode tCS solutions.
  • Develop an early functional prototype for tCS (depending on previous evaluation and feasibility).
  • Write a report or a paper summarizing the work.

What we do for you

By joining the Wearable Health Solutions team in Eindhoven, you will be part of a team of disruptive innovators and thinkers. Together, with our Researchers and Engineers, you will work on wireless and wearable healthcare applications that empower people to manage their own health. We invite you to be part of our ambitious team where your ideas will have an impact on our society and our future lives.

Who you are

  • BSc in Biomedical Engineering / Electrical Engineering.
  • Available for 9 months.
  • Know-how in hardware design and evaluation.
  • Solid experience in making electronic test setups and/or prototypes.
  • Interest in human physiology and wearable electronics.
  • Motivated student eager to work independently and expand knowledge in the field.
  • Good written and verbal English skills.

For internship opportunities at imec in Holst Centre, please visit the holst centre website:


Click on ‘apply’ to submit your application. You will then be redirected to e-recruiting.

Please be advised that non-EU/EEA country students that are studying outside of the Netherlands, need to have a work-permit to be able to do an internship at imec the Netherlands.

Job details
    Apply now

    You're using an old browser
    The support for your browser is limited. To enhance your internet experience it's recommended to update your browser. Update browser now!